Golf Swing Instruction and Tips for Beginners – Grip, Posture and Stance

Beginner golfers learning the game of golf should focus their efforts on the most critical elements of the golf swing, namely the golf grip, setup, and full swing fundamentals.  Here are golf swing basics and tips that reinforce these fundamentals.  Note: these golf swing tips are for right-handed golfers.

The Grip

Full swing

  1. For most golfers, the recommended golf grip for the golf swing is the Vardon Overlap grip where the little finger of the right hand (trailing hand) is placed in the crease of the forefinger and middle finger of the left hand (leading hand).
  2. The left-hand thumb should fit in the lifeline of the right hand.
  3. The finished golf swing grip should lie in the fingers and not the palms.
  4. Grip pressure determines the amount of wrist hinge and release – on a scale of 1 to 10 where 10 is “tight” and 1 is “loose,” strive for a “5 to 6.”
  5. “Neutral” grip is recommended for the majority of golf swing shots and results in a “square” clubface at impact. Using a neutral grip, the “V” formed by the thumb and index finger of each hand should point between the right shoulder and chin.

Golf Swing Posture & Stance

  1. Bodyweight in middle of feet.
  2. Tilt from hips approximately 30 degrees to achieve proper spine angle.
  3. Knees slightly flexed.
  4. Keep back straight. Visualize an “axis line” down the spine. Rotate around this axis line throughout the golf swing.
  5. Arms hang freely.
  6. Chin up and off the chest.
  7. Stance: shoulder-width for mid-irons; slightly wider for longer irons and woods; slightly narrower for shorter irons and wedges.

Full Golf Swing Fundamentals



  • Assume address position
  • Rotate club, body, and arms back along your golf swing plane while shifting your body weight to the inside of your right leg.
  • As hands approach the waist, wrists should hinge.
  • At the top of the backswing, check that the left arm is straight, 80% of body weight is on the inside of the right leg and right knee is flexed.
  • Check that your shoulders are turned 90° and hips are turned 30 to 45°


  • The first movement of the downswing is weight shift to the left, then hips, arms, and shoulders unwind to impact.
  • At impact, the club is released by unhinging wrists and delivering club head square through ball – keep head behind the ball at impact.
  • AS body turns to target through golf swing impact, arms and clubs extend down the target line.
  • At finish position, belt buckle faces target; the club is wrapped around the shoulder; 90% of the weight is on left leg with right foot upright on toes.